Guest Sign UpLoginNew PostSections ₦0What's Up?Games!DownloadsShopChatTools
Join the Publishers' Program. Get paid for writing.
Click here for FOOTBALL LIVE SCORES for ALL matches played today.


whisperingbird
Publisher
Palm oil is an edible vegetable oil derived from the mesocarp (reddish pulp) of the fruit of the oil palms, primarily the African oil palm Elaeis guineensis,[1] and to a lesser extent from the American oil palm Elaeis oleifera and the maripa palm Attalea maripa.
Palm oil is naturally reddish in colour because of a high beta-carotene content. It is not to be confused with palm kernel oil derived from the kernel of the same fruit[2] or coconut oilderived from the kernel of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera). The differences are in color (raw palm kernel oil lacks carotenoids and is not red), and in saturated fat content: palm mesocarp oil is 49 percent saturated, while palm kernel oil and coconut oil are 81 percent and 86 percent saturated fats, respectively. However, crude red palm oil that has been refined, bleached and deodorized, a common commodity called RBD palm oil, does not contain carotenoids.[3]
The oil palm produces bunches containing a large number of fruits with the fleshy mesocarp enclosing a kernel that is covered by a very hard shell. FAO considers palm oil (coming from the pulp) and palm kernels to be primary products. The oil extraction rate from a bunch varies from 17 to 27% for palm oil, and from 4 to 10% for palm kernels[4].
Along with coconut oil, palm oil is one of the few highly saturated vegetable fats and is semisolid at room temperature.[5] Palm oil is a common cooking ingredient in the tropical belt of Africa, Southeast Asia and parts of Brazil. Its use in the commercial food industry in other parts of the world is widespread because of its lower cost[6] and the high oxidative stability (saturation) of the refined product when used for frying.[7][8] One source reported that humans consumed an average 17 pounds (7.7 kg) of palm oil per person in 2015.[9]
The use of palm oil in food products has attracted the concern of environmental activist groups; the high oil yield of the trees has encouraged wider cultivation, leading to the clearing of forests in parts of Indonesia and Malaysia to make space for oil-palm monoculture.[10] This has resulted in significant acreage losses of the natural habitat of the three surviving species of orangutan. One species in particular, the Sumatran orangutan, has been listed as critically endangered.[11] In 2004, an industry group called the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil was formed to work with the palm oil industry to address these concerns.[12]Additionally, in 1992, in response to concerns about deforestation, the Government of Malaysia pledged to limit the expansion of palm oil plantations by retaining a minimum of half the nation's land as forest cover.[13][14]In March 2017, a documentary made by Deutsche Welle revealed that palm oil is used to make milk substitutes to feed calves in dairies in the German alps. These milk substitutes contain 30 percent milk powder and the remainder of raw protein made from skimmed milk powder, whey powder, and vegetable fats, mostly coconut oil and palm oil.
Source: en.m.wikipedia.org


😂😂😂😂😂😂😂😁

Related Topics


Top SectionsSee More



Top Posters This Month (500 Credits)
kayodesmn (19) — whisperingbird (10) — segiade (7) — samuel46295 (6) — Mr A (3) — ASSAM BRANDON (2) — Instaforexbuk (1) — Grammerownet (1) — skeji (1) — JOBLISS (1) — Chris (1) — christheno services (1) —
(See More)